This page will be updated with detailed information on each of these pollinator groups soon.

Beetles are considered as primitive pollinators and this has a dual sense. First, among the main pollinator guilds, beetles have been the earliest on the earth to visit systematically flowers and carry over pollen. Second, and as a consequence of the fact that their primeval flower-related characters have little changed since, their primitiveness is recognizable from their body anatomy and their flower-visiting behavior. In the Mediterranean region they are present particularly in the dry months, their massive presence on the flowers denoting the onset of summer drought.